WFUNF’S believe that disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation and mine clearance in many countries, paves the way for peace between peoples and achieves sustainable development, which seeks its nations.
WFUNF’S see the world without nuclear weapons and chemical weapons, and internationally banned weapons and create a world without conflicts and wars.
Global disarmament and non-proliferation efforts are critically important elements of sustainable peace, but achieving this goal has been a complex and difficult challenge.
The catastrophic humanitarian and environmental consequences of the use of nuclear weapons concern all of us and we all share a sense of responsibility for promoting global disarmament.
Introduction to Disarmament
Nuclear Weapons - What are they?
Nuclear weapons are the most dangerous weapons on earth. Although they have only been used twice, in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, their existence itself remains a constant threat for the humanity. Indeed, nuclear weapons have the capacity to kill millions of lives; they constantly threaten the natural environment and have long-term catastrophic impacts on the lives of the future generations.
Who Possesses Them?
There are five nuclear-weapon states – China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, and the United States – that have all ratified the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty, or NPT) which aims to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons and related technology, promoting cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy with an ultimate goal of achieving nuclear disarmament. India, Israel, and Pakistan are also known to possess nuclear weapons. However, none of them has joined the NPT. States that are pursuing nuclear ambitions are Iran and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.
What is Nuclear Disarmament?
Nuclear disarmament was the subject of the first resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1946. Since then, numerous multilateral treaties have been established with the aim of preventing nuclear proliferation and testing. However, none of them has led to an international agreement and that is for this reason that nuclear disarmament remains the highest priority in disarmament issues. There are still many challenges that need to be overcome and questions to be addressed to stakeholders in order to reach a world free of nuclear weapons.